A Critical Discourse Analysis of the Marriage Certificate (Nikah Nama) in Pakistan

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This research paper looks at the language use to exploit and propagate certain stereotypes imposing on the parties involved in the institution of marriage. A critical discourse analysis with a field, tenor, mode approach uncovers how bride and bridegroom are deprived of their consents on various issues and are socially forced to accept the assumptions created by prevalent social norms. The study exposes how the use of certain discourses and lexical choices restrict the participants to overlook or discard other options which could be otherwise legally and religiously granted to them. The study emphasizes that the current marriage certificate (Nikah Nama) needs to be thoroughly revised in order to eliminate language exploitation and allow both parties to be well aware and exercise their rights before giving their consent in good faith, predetermined by the social taboos.


1-Jabreel Asghar
Faculty Member, Higher Colleges of Technology, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.


CDA, Stereotype Reinforcement, Language and Power, Biased Language, Gender Perspectives

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Published: 09 2021

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