AbstractThis article presents a close reading of the ironic present and nostalgic nature of the Pakistani family system
through a postmodern lens. Haider's How it happened depict irony and nostalgia in a new and postmodern
manner. This novel exposes the ironized culture of the Pakistani family system and the nostalgic nature of societal
relationships. This is descriptive research, and data is analyzed theoretically. The theoretical framework of this
research is based upon the theory of irony and nostalgia in term of postmodernism, by Linda Hutcheon in her
dialogical article Irony, Nostalgia, and Postmodernism: A Dialogue, where two terms irony and nostalgia has been
treated with a new and unique perspective. This research investigates how our concepts and views about different
things in life get change with the passage of time. This research article concludes that the ostentatious rejection
of the past is not possible; nostalgia can consciously be denied but deeply felt.
1-Khadija Majeed Lecturer, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan.2-Aniqa Rashid Assistant professor, National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. 3-Samina Ali Asghar Lecturer, Department of English, University of Education, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.
KeywordsIronic Present, Nostalgic Past, Postmodern, Conceived Realities, Family System
Volume & IssueVI - I